Mondragone, Campania

March 2006

In late March 2006 a geophysical survey was undertaken by a joint team from the Archaeological Prospection Services of Southampton (APSS) and the British School at Rome on the behalf of the Comune di Mondragone (Assesorato al Museo) and the Soprintendenza per i Beni Archeologici delle Province di Napoli e Caserta at the multi-period site of Mondragone, 40 kilometres north-west of Naples.

Magnetometry Survey using a Geoscan Research FM 36 at Mondragone

The site was identified through dense surface scatters of material during a field walking campaign by local archaeologists, but it had proved difficult to define the limits and nature of the associated archaeological features. The aim of the survey was therefore to investigate in what way, and to what extent, this landscape had been inhabited in the past. Due to the local geology, and the unknown nature of the archaeological features, a combined approach was taken to investigating the site, jointly using the surveying methods of resistivity and magnetometry.

Despite the largely ephemeral nature of the archaeology, and the disturbance caused by the natural geology on the site, the results revealed a complex series of enclosures and the foundations of possible structures. When considered together with the field walking material, the spatial forms of these features suggest a long, although not necessarily constant, occupation in the prehistoric period. The survey was therefore successful in indicating areas for future investigation, most suitably through targeted excavation.

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