Church, State, Religion & Nation

Church, state, religion and nation are all expressions of identity, and sources of consensus and violent dissent. Current debates often co-opt history in their argumentative frameworks. This theme explores these interconnected discourses.

The importance of studying early Christianity within the context of its contemporary pagan and Jewish world is now clearly recognised. Moreover, the study of the modern Church is inextricably linked to broader themes of identity, internationalism and political studies.

The important theme of ecumenism from the origins of Christianity to the modern day allows us to explore crucial and still relevant issues about the nature of religion and its relationship with politics.

The study of Italy as a nation, particularly inspired by the 150th anniversary of Italian unification, remains a fruitful area of research. This nationhood is bound up with images of the Italian past, back to the Roman period, and this symbolism has been hugely significant in shaping modern action, internally and with regard to neighbours around the Mediterranean.

Award-Holders since 2008

Joanne Allen (Warwick): Ritual and reform in Renaissance Italy: sacred space and church furniture before the Council of Trent
Claudia Baldoli (Newcastle): In search of the white international: the Catholic-Communist movement between the wars
Alec Corio (Open): Historical Perceptions of Roman Catholicism and National Identity 1869-1919
Stephen Cummins (Cambridge): Enmity and peace-making in the kingdom of Naples, c. 1550-1750
Catherine Fletcher (Royal Holloway/Birkbeck/Open): Our men in Rome: ambassadors and agents at the papal court, c. 1450–1550
Rebecca Gill (Reading): Galeazzo Alessi and the Sacro Monte: architecture and pilgrimage in Cinquecento Italy
Joseph Hammond (St Andrews): Art and patronage of the Carmelite order
Paul Howard (Oxford): ‘Tu sei nimmico/der tale o dder tar re: ffàje la guerra’: Casus Belli — Giuseppe Gioachino waging war between tradition and experimentation
Hannah Malone (Cambridge): Italian Fascism and the ossuaries of the Great War
Edward Payne (Courtauld): Violence and corporality in the art of Jusepe de Ribera
Marcella Pellegrino Sutcliffe (Cambridge): Salvatore Morelli, Liberal Italy and the transnational network of women emancipationists
Emiliano Perra (Bristol): The Holocaust in Italian television
John Pollard (Cambridge/Anglia Ruskin): Religion and the Right in Italy
Sofia Serenelli (Reading/UCL): The cult of the Duce and the ‘mountain of Rome’: Terminillo, collective memory and legacies of Fascism, 1934-2012
Mattia Toaldo (Roma 3; School of Advanced Studies, University of London): The Libyan-Italian post-colonial relationship under Qadhafi from 1969 to today
Tom True: Power and place: the Marchigian cardinals of Sixtus V
Lucy Underwood (Durham): ‘Hatred’ or ‘praise’ of the English name? Catholics representing England in Italy, c. 1558-1660
Lucy Turner Voakes (EUI, Florence): The Risorgimento and English Liberal culture, 1850–1918
Cordelia Warr (Manchester): Representing and performing stigmata in medieval and Renaissance Italy

Selected Publications since 2008

Anne ALWIS (Rome Scholar 2001–2) with Ellen Swift: The role of late antique art in early Christian worship: a reconsideration of the iconography of the ‘starry sky’ in the ‘Mausoleum’ of Galla Placidia. Papers of the British School at Rome 78 (2010): 193–218.
Matthew DAL SANTO (Rome Award 2007–8) Debating the Saints’ Cults in the Age of Gregory the Great (Oxford University Press, 2012).
Simon MARTIN (Rome Fellow 2006–7) Sport Italia: the Italian Love Affair with Sport (I.B. Tauris, 2011).

Selected events in this theme

Monday 23 June 2014

The Archaeology of St John Lateran and the Transformation of Rome

Wednesday 18 June 2014

Italian Fascism and the ossuaries of the Great War

Wednesday 4 June 2014

’Hatred’ or ‘praise’ of the English name? Catholics representing England in Italy, c. 1558-1660

Wednesday 28 May 2014

The Cardinals' Music: visual evidence of the musical interests of the Curia c.1200 – 1350

Wednesday 12 March 2014

G.E. Street in Rome: a Victorian architect and his churches

Friday 6 December 2013

Santa Maria Antiqua Conference

Wednesday 4 December 2013

Book launch: Old Saint Peter's, Rome

Tuesday 26 November 2013

Annual conference of the Unione Internazionale degli Istituti di Archeologia Storia e Storia dell'Arte in Roma - with a lecture by Richard Hodges (AUR)

Wednesday 6 November 2013

Religion and the Right in Italy

Wednesday 12 June 2013

Galeazzo Alessi and the Sacro Monte di Varallo: reconstructing Jerusalem during the Counter Reformation

Wednesday 29 May 2013

To the lands of the Sultan of Babylon: The papacy and trade with Muslims during the later Middle Ages

Wednesday 22 May 2013

Function, message or status symbol? The mixed reasons behind the form of Early Christian baptisteries

Tuesday 19 March 2013

The Mediterranean City: Religion

Wednesday 13 March 2013

Saints and Salvation: Gold-glass, Sarcophagi and Inscribed Memorials from the Catacombs of Rome

Thursday 21 February 2013

Cultural Memory and the Resources of the Past in the Early Middle Ages