Excavations at the site of Pallottini began in the summer of 2005 after a season of geophysics, undertaken after the discovery of a small inscription. This small base which probably supported an honorary bronze statue has a dedicatory inscription written in Saturnian verses referring to an unknown individual involved in the social wars.
The archaeological excavations in the area, undertaken in the summers of 2005 and 2006, brought to light the remains of a large building measuring 750 sq m. The walls in latericium have almost all been lost but the foundations clearly belong to a structure, whose rooms were distributed around a spacious square atrium. The building has all the characteristics of a typical Roman Republican domus. However, its monumentality, its isolated location with regards to the nearby village and the presence of the inscription rule out that this was a private residence. It is more likely that the building carried out the functions that in Rome would have taken place in the Villa Pubblica: the census, the inspection of the enrolled cohorts, the welcoming of foreign ambassadors as well as informal meetings prior to an electoral campaign.
The site of the Villa Pubblica was later reused in late antiquity as the site of a small cemetery. The necropolis extends along the valley at the foot of the settlement at Cittareale and consists of 52 tombs and 59 inhumation burials. The study of the funerary complex and the analysis of the funerary remains have helped identify one of the cemetery’s most important occupation phases dating between the 6th and 7th centuries AD.
The necropolis consisted primarily of rectangular shaped tombs oriented west-east, attributed to a coffer-type burial whilst some burials were made in simple dug out pits. The coffer-type burials were created by means of sandstone slabs that were used to line the walls and occasionally the floor of the grave and after which roof tiles and chalk material was added, including a fluted column belonging to the architectural decorations of the Republican building.
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