Calatia – Campania
May-June 2006, November 2007
The Roman town of Calatia is located on the edge of the Campanian plain about 6 miles southeast of Capua. The settlement occupied a strategic position on the via Appia antica just before it reached the mountains on its course towards Benevento. There are no visible remains of the ancient town with the exception of a short stretch of the city wall next to where the west gate would have stood.
The survey was carried out across two seasons in May and June of 2006 and November 2007 on behalf of the Comune di Maddaloni, who funded the project, in conjunction with the Soprintendenza per i Beni Archeologici per le province di Napoli e Caserta. The aim of the survey was to map the form, layout and extent of the Roman town. The survey covered both intra- and extra-mural areas.
Two types of geophysical survey were employed: magnetometer and resistivity. Only through the integration of both these survey techniques has it been possible to understand the nature of the buried archaeology. The presence of extensive modern ferrous material disrupted the magnetometer results but by implementing a resistivity survey this problem was overcome.
Work was carried out to the north and south of the course of the via Appia antica. The survey revealed major archaeological features in the landscape. The continuation of the city wall was evident in three areas and in one area it was possible to distinguish various phases of the wall’s construction. The orientation of the street layout was also exposed. The results were hampered by the fact that the archaeology appears to be deeply buried and due to this many of the anomalies detected were faint.
Laforgia, E. (ed) (2003). Il Museo Archeologico di Calatia. Electa; Napoli